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New research shows single parenthood blamed for problems caused by sociopathy

New research confirms something I have long suspected: There is a relationship between single parenthood and sociopathy that explains problems found in young people. Before I describe the research I have to give some background. Sociopathy is a set of personality traits that group together. These traits are also largely responsible for addiction and alcoholism. To read more about the connection between antisocial personality traits, addiction and alcoholism, see The Inner Triangle helps you understand sociopaths, psychopaths, addicts and alcoholics. I believe that people with sociopathic personality traits likely create many of the single parent families in Western countries.

The problem is that assessing parents for trait sociopathy, and relating that assessment to child outcome, is very difficult. It is much easier to study divorce and number of years living in a house with only one parent, then blame these two things for later problems. The issues, in my opinion, are what caused the divorce? And why are children living with only one parent? If I am right that sociopathy is the answer to these two questions for many families, then blaming divorce and single parenthood for problems will create even more problems. Many people who continue to share life with partners that have sociopathic traits do so “for the sake of the children.” However, continuing to live with a sociopathic partner often means that more children are born to that relationship AND existing children are further damaged.

When we consider outcomes for the children of people with sociopathic traits, we have to understand that the sociopathic parent contributes to both the genes and the environment of his offspring. For more on the genetic causes of sociopathy see Parenting the At Risk Child. Problems for children are therefore due to complex interactions between genetics and family environment.

In a recent paper Exposure to Single Parenthood in Childhood and Later Mental Health, Educational, Economic and Criminal Behavior Outcomes, Dr. David M Fergusson and colleagues from New Zealand report the results of a 25-year longitudinal study. They followed 746 boys and girls from birth to age 16, then followed up when the subjects were 21-25 years old.

These authors report that lower educational achievement, welfare dependence, low personal income, criminal arrest and conviction, and violence and property offenses were all significantly more common in young adults who grew up in single parent families. BUT before we blame single parenthood for these findings we have to look further. These authors also found that when they controlled for “family problems,” such as the parent’s criminal behavior and substance abuse, the association between single parenthood and these variables disappeared. The authors therefore conclude, “These findings clearly suggest that the associations between single parenthood and later adverse outcomes largely reflected the societal context within which the single parenthood occurred, rather than a direct effect of single parenthood on individual functioning.”

These authors further point out, “there have been ongoing social and political debates that have focused on the need to reduce rates of single parenthood to increase life opportunities for children. In general, the results of this 25-year longitudinal study do not support this focus.”

Where should the focus of our efforts to improve the lot of children be? We need to focus on the very deleterious effects of life with a sociopathic parent! We also have to work to educate people about sociopathy. Sociopaths generally mate through deception. The partners of sociopaths need good guidance about what to do once the deception is discovered. Staying with a sociopath “for the sake of the children” is likely the wrong answer. For more on single parenthood see Single Parents.



12 Comments on "New research shows single parenthood blamed for problems caused by sociopathy"

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  1. Beverly says:

    An interesting take on being a single parent. As a child of a narcissistic father, who walked out and left my mother to raise two children alone (despite developing schizophrenia) and myself going onto being a single parent. I can see many aspects of being a single parent. In the UK, there is still a stigma attached to being a single mom – and believe me the indifference that has been shown to me by neighbours and couples is shoutingly obvious. But having said that, I have broken my back to bring up my daughter well, and without any support of any kind. I believe that women only opt for single parentdom, out of sheer desperation – it is a very hard road, bringing up children and working and paying bills etc, as every single parent will know. If you ask me, whether my background contributed to me being a single mom, I suppose it did – but if I did anything right, I have given my daughter the kind of depth in spirit that cannot be cultivated or bought.



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  2. maniatissa says:

    Hi…the article talks about the need to take into account the social context of single parenthood- of course this is true…but just as important is to look at the role of dysfunctional 2 parent households and its effects on the sociopathy…I look at my ex and I believe that his sociopathy is a result of not only genetics but the oppressive home environment and sociopathic example of his father (including sexual abuse by the father)…the mother supposedly tried to leave the father at different points but was unable to…I think that if she had then she would have saved many people down the road suffering; instead she chose to live in denial and allow the dysfunction to perpetuate…she still does…

    I am a single mom with 3 daughters from 2 marriages with no help from either father (my own childhood environment was very supportive and caring) and have always devoted as much as I am capable of to their well-being…Sometimes when you are on your own you are even more conscious of what you should be doing as far as parenting goes. Of course a good marriage with 2 parents would be better but being exposed to abuse in such an environment is worse than doing it alone…



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